CHN Fisheries Management Directions April 30, 2019

COUNCIL OF THE HAIDA NATION

FISHERIES MANAGEMENT DIRECTIONS

FOR THE GWAII HAANAS HAIDA HERITAGE SITE

Dated 30 April 2019

AUTHORITY

Gwaii Haanas, including the land and the sea, is subject to the collective and individual rights of the Haida citizens, the sovereignty of the Hereditary Chiefs, and jurisdiction of the Council of the Haida Nation. The Haida Nation owns these lands and waters by virtue of heredity, subject to the laws of the Constitution of the Haida Nation and the legislative jurisdiction of the Haida House of Assembly.

The Haida Nation has designated and managed Gwaii Haanas as the “Gwaii Haanas Haida Heritage Site”, and thereby will maintain the area in its natural state while continuing a traditional way of life for countless generations. In this way the Haida Nation will sustain the continuity of Haida culture while allowing for the enjoyment of visitors in Gwaii Haanas.

MANAGEMENT

The Gwaii Haanas Archipelago Management Board (AMB) recently completed the Gwaii Haanas Gina ’Waadluxan KilGuhlGa Land-Sea-People Management Plan (2018). The plan increases protection of the marine area, confirms and strengthens the role of the AMB in fisheries management, and commits to managing all fisheries to the highest standard using an ecosystem-based management (EBM) framework.

Zoning of marine areas in the plan, including strict protection and multiple use zones, determines where fisheries can occur, and the EBM Framework determines the conditions under which they can occur. Together they inform AMB direction for fisheries management in Gwaii Haanas.

With approval of the plan, zoning for Gwaii Haanas is complete. The Haida Nation and Canada have agreed that fisheries closures for Gwaii Haanas will be implemented using Haida and federal tools, processes and authorities.

Work on the EBM framework is ongoing. The AMB are aiming to complete the framework (including the identification of specific, measurable objectives and a process to evaluate Gwaii Haanas fisheries against these objectives) by 2020. All fisheries in Gwaii Haanas are expected to be evaluated by 2021.

This document implements the strict protection zones approved in the Gina ’Waadluxan KilGuhlGa Land-Sea-People Management Plan (2018) under Haida authority provided by the Constitution of the Haida Nation (2018) and the Gwaii Haanas Marine Agreement (2010). When the EBM framework and evaluation is complete, additional fisheries management directions applicable to the multiple use zones in Gwaii Haanas may also be implemented.

FISHERIES CLOSURES

Effective May 1, 2019, all commercial and recreational fishing will be prohibited in the strict protection zones identified in the Gwaii Haanas Gina ’Waadluxan KilGuhlGa Land-Sea-People Management Plan (2018).

This includes the following commercial and recreational fishing activities:

  • all salmon by gill net, purse seine net and hook and line;
  • all pelagics by gill net, purse seine net and hook and line including: tuna, herring, sardine;
  • all invertebrates by diving, gill net, hand picking, hook and line, seine, trap and trawl net including: geoduck and horse clams, red sea urchin, green sea urchin, sea cucumber, euphausiid, intertidal clam, razor clam, shrimp, prawn, Pacific oyster, crab, scallop, octopus;
  • all groundfish by trap, mid-water trawl, bottom trawl, hook and line and jigging including: sablefish, halibut, rockfish, lingcod, dogfish, skate, sole, turbot, hake, cod and pollock.

These directions do not apply to Haida traditionally based use in Gwaii Haanas. Traditionally based use is allowed in all zones in Gwaii Haanas, consistent with the Constitution of the Haida Nation and section 35 of the Constitution Act.

These closures will be in effect until further notice.    

GWAII HAANAS GINA ’WAADLUX_AN KILG_UHLG_A LAND-SEA-PEOPLE MANAGEMENT PLAN

Final Zoning (Nov. 2018) – Fisheries Closures in Strict Protection Zones

1. Those waters of Subareas 2-38 to 2-41 and 142-1 inside a line commencing at a point on land on T’aaxwii XaaydaGa Gwaay.yaay iinaGwaay (Moresby Island) at 52°23.311’N and 131°35.794’W northwesterly to a point on land on GuuGaalas Gwaay (south Gowdas Islands) at 52°23.340’N and 131°35.859’W, thence northerly following the shoreline of GuuGaalas Gwaay (south Gowdas Islands) to 52°23.489’N and 131°36.092’W, thence southwesterly to a point in water at 52°18.982’N and 131°43.957’W, thence northwesterly to a point in water at 52°38.115’N and 132°09.939’W, thence southeasterly to a point on land on T’aaxwii XaaydaGa Gwaay.yaay iinaGwaay (Moresby Island) at 52°38.114’N and 131°10.004’W, and thence southerly following the western shoreline of T’aaxwii XaaydaGa Gwaay.yaay iinaGwaay (Moresby Island) to the beginning point. [Kun Skuujii sda GawGaay.ya (Kwoon Cove to Gowgaia Bay)]

2. Those waters of Subareas 2-31 and 142-1 inside a line commencing at a point on the western shoreline of T’aaxwii XaaydaGa Gwaay.yaay iinaGwaay (Moresby Island) at 52°07.210’N and 131°15.838’W easterly following the shoreline to 52°07.440’N and 131°14.307’W, thence southeasterly to a point on the northern shoreline of K’il (Flatrock Island) at 52°06.468’N and 131°10.300’W, thence easterly following the shoreline to 52°06.388’N and 131°10.079’W, thence southeasterly to the westernmost point of Sii.niihl Gwaay.yaay (Gordon Islands) at 52°06.018’N and 131°09.391’W, thence southerly following the shoreline of Sii.niihl Gwaay.yaay (Gordon Islands) to 52°05.884’N and 131°09.283’W, thence southeasterly to 52°05.806’N and 131°09.208’W, thence easterly following the shoreline of Sii.niihl Gwaay.yaay (Gordon Islands) to 52°05.787’N and 131°09.097’W, thence northeasterly to the shoreline of Sii.niihl Gwaay.yaay (Gordon Islands) at 52°05.788’N and 131°08.938’W, thence easterly following the shoreline and thence crossing the channel to 52°05.778’N and 131°08.861’W, thence southeasterly following the shoreline to 52°05.741’N and 131°08.788’W, thence following the shoreline of Sii.niihl Gwaay.yaay (Gordon Islands) to 52°05.708’N and 131°08.697’W, thence easterly across the channel to 52°05.709’N and 131°08.673’W, thence southerly following the shoreline of Sii.niihl Gwaay.yaay (Gordon Islands) to 52°05.468’N and 131°08.425’W, thence southeasterly to a point on the western shoreline of Gangxid Gwaay.yaay (Kunghit Island) at 52°04.414’N and 131°07.720’W, thence northerly and southerly following the shoreline of Gangxid Gwaay.yaay (Kunghit Island) to 52°04.366’N and131° 07.720’W, thence southwesterly to a point in water at 52°03.175’N and 131°14.399’W, thence northwesterly to a point in water at 52°05.826’N and 131°17.913’W, and thence northeasterly back to the beginning point. [SGang Gwaay (Wailing Island)]

3. Those waters of Subareas 2-19, 102-3, 130-3 and 142-1 inside a line commencing at a point on the western shoreline of Gangxid Tllgaay (South Kunghit Island) at 51°57.689’N and 131°03.375’W easterly following the southern shoreline of Gangxid Tllgaay (South Kunghit Island) to 52°00.343’N and 130°59.788’W, thence southeasterly to a point in water at 51°50.159’N and 130°53.207’W, thence southwesterly to a point in water at 51°47.954’N and 130°53.613’W, thence northwesterly to a point in water at 51°54.927’N and 131°07.801’W, and thence northeasterly to the beginning point. [Gangxid Tllgaay (South Kunghit Island)] 

4. Those waters of Subareas 102-2 and 102-3 inside a line commencing at a point on land of Kildaga T’awts’iiGaay (islet) at 52°04.541’N and 130°56.293’W following the shoreline of the islet to 52°04.591’N and 130°56.348’W, thence northwesterly to the eastern shoreline of Gangxid Gwaay.yaay (Kunghit Island) at 52°04.652’N and 130°56.414’W, thence northerly following the eastern shoreline of Gangxid Gwaay.yaay (Kunghit Island) to 52°05.734’N and 130°56.365’W, thence northeasterly to a point in water at 52°10.225’N and 130°49.512’W, thence southwesterly to a point in water at 52°02.632’N and 130°50.910’W, thence northwesterly back to the beginning point. [Gangxid Xyuu Kun sda Kan ’Láas Kun (Lyman Point to Receiver Point)]

5. Those waters of Subareas 2-17, 2-18 and 102-2 inside a line commencing at a point on the eastern shoreline of T’aaxwii XaaydaGa Gwaay.yaay iinaGwaay (Moresby Island) at 52°10.262’N and 131°01.993’W northerly following the eastern shoreline to 52°13.232’N and 131°00.777’W, thence northeasterly to a point in water at 52°17.724’N and 130°55.078’W, thence southeasterly to a point in water at 52°12.476’N and 130°49.103’W, and thence southwesterly back to the beginning point. [Kayjuu Kun (Benjamin Point)]

6a. Those waters of Subarea 2-37 north of a line drawn from a point on T’aaxwii XaaydaGa Gwaay.yaay iinaGwaay (Moresby Island) at 52°14.455’N and 131°22.232’W southeasterly across St’aa K’ii GawGa (Flamingo Inlet) to a point on land on the opposite shore at 52°14.228’N and 131°21.503’W. [St’aa K’ii GawGa (Flamingo Inlet) – Head]

6b. Those waters of Subarea 2-34 north of a line drawn from a point on land on T’aaxwii XaaydaGa Gwaay.yaay iinaGwaay (Moresby Island) at 52°11.841’N and 131°15.670’W northeasterly across the inlet to a point on the opposite shoreline of GawGajaang (Louscoone Inlet) at 52°12.245’N and 131°14.568’W. [GawGajaang (Louscoone Inlet) – Head]

6c. Those waters of Subarea 2-18 north of a line drawn from the western shoreline of K’insiGid (Rose Inlet) on T’aaxwii XaaydaGa Gwaay.yaay iinaGwaay (Moresby Island) at 52°11.327’N and 131°08.370’W northeasterly across the inlet to a point on the opposite shore at 52°11.328’N and 131°07.115’W. [K’insiGid (Rose Inlet) – Head]

6d. Those waters of Subarea 2-15 south of a line drawn from a point on the western shoreline of GawGan (Huston Inlet) at 52°15.732’N and 131°15.643’W northeasterly across the inlet to a point on the opposite shore at 52°16.111’N and 131°14.231’W. [GawGan (Huston Inlet) – Head]

7. Those waters of Subareas 2-13 to 2-16 and 102-2 inside a line commencing at a point on the eastern shoreline of SGwaay Kun Gwaay.yaay (Burnaby Island) at 52°26.521’N and 131°14.153’W southeasterly to a point in water at 52°25.980’N and 131°04.477’W, thence southeasterly to a point in water at 52°22.825’N and 131°00.885’W, thence southwesterly to a point on the eastern shoreline of T’aaxwii XaaydaGa Gwaay.yaay iinaGwaay (Moresby Island) at 52°18.124’N and 131°18.347’W, thence northerly following the eastern shoreline of T’aaxwii XaaydaGa Gwaay.yaay iinaGwaay (Moresby Island) to 52°23.055’N and 131°23.441’W, thence northeasterly to the western shoreline of Gwaay GudgiiG_aagid (Kat Island) at 52°23.082’N and 131°22.916’W, thence easterly following the southern shoreline of Gwaay GudgiiGaagid (Kat Island) to 52°23.147’N and 131°22.260’W, thence northeasterly to the western shoreline of SGwaay Kun Gwaay.yaay (Burnaby Island) at 52°23.276’N and 131°21.333’W, thence southerly following the western shoreline of SGwaay Kun Gwaay.yaay (Burnaby Island) to 52°20.949’N and 131°15.569’W, thence northeasterly to the easternmost point of SGwaay Kun Gwaay.yaay (Burnaby Island) at 52°22.315’N and 131°14.689’W, thence following the western shoreline of SGwaay Kun Gwaay.yaay (Burnaby Island) to 52°22.377’N and 131°14.683’W, thence northwesterly to a point on the eastern shoreline of SGwaay Kun Gwaay.yaay (Burnaby Island) at 52°24.494’N and 131°15.832’W, and thence following the eastern shoreline to the beginning point. [Suu Kaahlii sda SGwaay Kun Gwaay.yaay (Skincuttle Inlet to Burnaby Island)]

Those waters of Subarea 2-14 south of a line drawn from a point on the shoreline of SGwaay Kun Gwaay.yaay (Burnaby Island) in Gid Gwaa GyaaGa GawGa (Poole Inlet) at 52°22.764’N and 131°18.249’W southeasterly across the inlet to a point on the opposite shore at 52°22.505’N and 131°17.665’W. [Gid Gwaa GyaaGa GawGa (Poole Inlet)]

8. Those waters of Subareas 2-12 and 2-13 inside a line commencing on the eastern shoreline of T’aaxwii XaaydaGa Gwaay.yaay iinaGwaay (Moresby Island) at 52°30.038’N and 131°28.071’W southeasterly to a point on land on Gwaay Guusdagang (All Alone Stone Island) at 52°29.081’N and 131°24.042’W, thence southeasterly to a point on the northern shoreline of Gaaduu Gwaay (Huxley Island) at 52°28.066’N and 131°21.772’W, thence southerly following the western shoreline of Gaaduu Gwaay (Huxley Island) to 52°25.934’N and 131°21.927’W, thence southwesterly to the northern shoreline of GaysiiGas K’iidsii Gwaay (Section Island) at 52°25.435’N and 131°22.425’W, thence westerly following the northern shoreline of GaysiiGas K’iidsii Gwaay (Section Island) to 52°25.460’N and 131°22.513’W, thence northwesterly to a point on the eastern shoreline of T’aaxwii XaaydaGa Gwaay.yaay iinaGwaay (Moresby Island) at 52°26.039’N and 131°25.343’W, thence northerly following the eastern shoreline of T’aaxwii XaaydaGa Gwaay.yaay iinaGwaay (Moresby Island) to 52°28.460’N and 131°27.972’W, and thence northerly to the beginning point. [Kuuniisii Xaw GawGa sda Gaaduu Gwaay (Matheson Inlet to Huxley Island)]

9. Those waters of Subareas 2-11 and 102-2 inside a line commencing on the eastern shoreline of Tllga Kun Gwaay.yaay (Lyell Island) at 52°42.074’N and 131°26.535’W southeasterly to a point in water at 52°41.073’N and 131°14.523’W, thence southeasterly to a point in water at 52°38.666’N and 131°12.987’W, thence southwesterly to 52°35.106’N and 131°22.254’W, thence following the northern shoreline of Xiina Gwaay.yaay (Ramsay Island) to 52°34.964’N and 131°22.963’W, thence southwesterly following the shoreline to 52°34.116’N and 131°25.603’W, thence southwesterly following the shoreline to 52°33.844’N and 131°26.324’W, thence southwesterly to a point on Gandaawuu.ngaay Gwaay.yaay (Marco Island) at 52°31.498’N and 131°30.354’W, thence northwesterly to a point on Gandaawuu.ngaay Gwaayts’idaay (Hoskins Islets) at 52°32.405’N and 131°32.946’W, thence following the northern shoreline of Gandaawuu.ngaay Gwaayts’idaay (Hoskins Islets) to 52°32.435’N and 131°33.055’W, thence southwesterly to a point on the eastern shoreline of T’aaxwii XaaydaGa Gwaay.yaay iinaGwaay (Moresby Island) at 52°32.211’N and 131°34.475’W, thence easterly following the eastern shoreline to 52°32.956’N and 131°37.729’W, thence northeasterly to a point on the shoreline of Kingts’ii Gwaay.yaay (Bischof Islands) at 52°34.143’N and 131°33.379’W, thence easterly following the southeastern shoreline of Kingts’ii Gwaay.yaay (Bischof Islands) to 52°34.340’N and 131°33.098’W, thence northeasterly to a point on an islet at 52°34.530’N and 131°32.890’W, thence northeasterly to a point on the southern shoreline of Tllga Kun Gwaay.yaay (Lyell Island) at 52°35.767’N and 131°32.891’W, and thence easterly and northerly following the shoreline of Tllga Kun Gwaay.yaay (Lyell Island) to the beginning point. [Gandaawuu.ngaay Xyangs sda Tllga Kun Gwaay.yaay (Juan Perez Sound to Lyell Island)]

10. Those waters of Subarea 2-10 inside a line commencing at a point on land on Shuttle Island at 52°40.053’N and 131°42.328’W northeasterly to a point on the western shoreline of Tllga Kun Gwaay.yaay (Lyell Island) at 52°40.466’N and 131°41.105’W, thence southerly following the western shoreline of Tllga Kun Gwaay.yaay (Lyell Island) to 52°37.301’N and 131°38.800’W, thence northwesterly to a point on land of Gwaay DaaGaaw (Shuttle Island) at 52°38.522’N and 131°41.409’W, and thence following the eastern shoreline of Shuttle Island to the beginning point. [Didxwahxyangs (Darwin Sound)]

11. Those waters of Subareas of 2-7 and 2-8 inside a line commencing on a point of the eastern shoreline of T’aaxwii XaaydaGa Gwaay.yaay iinaGwaay (Moresby Island) at 52°48.570’N and 131°39.433’W northeasterly to a point in water at 52°49.383’N and 131° 29.039’W, thence southeasterly to a point in water at 52°48.148’N and 131°28.849’W, thence southwesterly to a point in water at 52°44.898’N and 131°34.035’W, thence northwesterly to 52°45.113’N and 131°34.125’W, thence following the northern shoreline of K’ang.Guu Gwaay.yaay (Kunga Island) to 52°45.220’N and 131°35.574’W, thence southwesterly to a point on T’aanuu Gwaay (Tanu Island) at 52°45.002’N and 131°36.770’W, thence northerly following the eastern shoreline of T’aanuu Gwaay (Tanu Island) to 52°46.725’N and 131°38.878’W, thence northwesterly across to a point on T’aaxwii XaaydaGa Gwaay.yaay iinaGwaay (Moresby Island) at 52°47.837’N and 131°39.371’W, and thence northerly following the eastern shoreline to the beginning point. [T’aanuu K’aadxwah Xyangs sda Gwaay Xaa’ans (Klue Passage to Lost Islands)]

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